The principle of the siphon
The principle of the siphon consists in the following. In Des Moines when the water completely fills knees entrance, pour to the second siphon knees. As a result, at the output of the siphon.
The water pressure is higher than at the entrance.
Under the influence of pressure due to the difference of liquid and easily come from the water trap to the sewer pipes.To avoid incorrect operation of locks, plumbing, traps should be very smooth inner surface, without speeches and roughness. Otherwise, the walls begin to accumulate fat. Modern hydraulic locks are made of plastic.
Exception — TOILET, cushion slides made from the same material as himself device.
For the installation of water pipes and sewage systems are used, made of different materials. Today, the construction market has to offer plastic pipes ferrous better if this will do our master plumber plumbing Des Moines
and non-ferrous metals, metal pipes and metal. Each of these unions. Type of pipe has its advantages and disadvantages.
Polyethylene pipes are used for cold water and drain then help plumber.
They are made from polyethylene of high and low density. Polyethylene pipes low density are less strong, but more flexible. Do not require additional. Protection and treatment in an expensive land.
Polyethylene pipes are placed in cold water in the soil below 0.5 m the freezing level, although polyethylene pipes do not change their properties at a temperature of to -20 ° C, the temperature of the water can be transported in 0-40 ° C. polyethylene Pipes with diameters from 16 to 1600 mm. Pipes made from polyethylene with a special can be used for hot in water and heating at temperatures up to 90 ° C and under pressure up to 10 atmospheres.
Polyethylene high strength is also referred to as «crosslinked polyethylene.» Is according to a special technology, which affects how molecules consisting of polyethylene. Polyethylene pipes are durable, resistant to almost all acids, alkalis and petroleum products, is not deformed at high temperatures, do not emit harmful the human part and can be used for transporting drinking water. They are also very smooth and do not contribute to the formation of deposits inside.
Polyethylene pipes are connected to each other by means of butt welding, and pipe diameter up to 110 mm can be connected using compression fittings. Housing made bronze, brass, or polymers. Reverse tightly
goes inside polyethylene pipes and fittings external tension a sleeve.
This is a special Newspapers with considerable force.
Tightness in the sleeve. The connection of the PE pipe is very durable.
Initial (tensile internal diameter) tube for institutions that do not detract from the Union pipes and no rubber compaction increases the reliability of the connection.
These quality polyethylene pipes Advantages to create them before.
The closest analogue — tubes and pipes of plastic, where the restriction
crossing pipe section due to the properties of the mouldings.
The disadvantage is that polyethylene pipes, you will need a special tool
in the compounds.
They are destroyed through exposure to direct sunlight. Burns and plastic
400 ° C decomposes into water and carbon dioxide.
The cost of polyethylene pipes, not high and comparable to the price of the metal.
Plastic (polyethylene-aluminium-polyethylene) pipe.
Plastic (polyethylene-aluminium-polyethylene) pipes can be used.
Liquid at a temperature of 95 ° C and at pressures up to 10 atmospheres. They are used for heating hot and cold water. Pipes intended for drinking water. Depending on the production technology, metal pipes can
to be the seam and open seam and seamless).
An in-depth analysis of the aluminum layer is visible seam, if at all. Seamless
Metal pipes better and more reliable.
The outer and inner layers of polyethylene are some plumbers that identical and made of polyethylene
increased strength. Used to withstand the onslaught of the chemical composition of polyethylene
Aluminum pipe (94-96% aluminum) provides the PVC pipe.
Flexibility and resistance to deformation. Metal pipe hard enough and strong as steel, but is not scale, corrosion resistant, and, in the end when you done, just realized how it will be easier when you call a good master Plumbing services prices first do a call right?
Pipes and tubes of plastic eliminates complex carving and welding robots.
For joining pipes of the Compressor.
To install, requires minimal set of valves and special tool. Fittings and pipe fittings made from brass. They the standard for all threads of the pipe. To connect metal pipes.
Used for watering and nut.
Laying in the house plumbing and pipes 15 and 16 Installation of the sewage system in the apartment and house. The pipe function is mobility even in the compressed state. Installation
Robots don’t require any adjustments and available directly in the setup.
The first pipe of the desired length cut with special scissors. Cutting Fugue
and a special hole faucet broke the pipe. Note: after combustion the diameter of the pipe tsovyvaniya must exactly match the diameter of mounting barbed wire.
At the end of the metal pipe to put the nut in the treated
The nozzle orifice insert and tighten the connection.
The mounting fittings with thread can be disassembled for repair or to connect additional consumers (for example, washing machine).
Metal pipes are flexible, which allows them to obtain the necessary form. For the transportation of their scrolls. On the left edge of the pipe easy only manually. Flexible metal pipes with a diameter up to 1 inch in diameter.
The excess is not less than 8 pipe diameters can be manually without tools.
Using a special smaller rod diameters as the height of the springs, used to prevent deformation of the pipe. Shell-polyethylene pipes and tubes of plastic material has very good thermal insulation, but in the cold the time of year when the water inflow into the apartment from the street can sweat.
To eliminate fogging, additional insulation metal-plastic the pipes.
The service life of such tubes is from 20 to 50 years depending on operating conditions.
Pipes made of polypropylene.
Tubes polypropylene reinforced aluminum, and can be used in systems heating and hot water when the coolant temperature up to 90 ° C and the pressure to 10 atmospheres.
Pipes made of polypropylene have a high chemical resistance in aggressive environments light weight, strength and durability of 50 years. They are used in systems cold water and are suitable for carrying drinking water.
Polypropylene pipes are rigid and the available length of 4 m During installation are not bent,
and change the trajectory of the pipeline through the fitting.
The connection between the pipe all know our master plumbing Des Moines call, and he will do, and the elements of the system is using reverse welding machine for welding-manual, using polypropylene equipment. Fittings may have a shortened metallic thread for connection with musical instruments. Threaded connections allow you to disable and pipes elements.
The diameters of thin-walled pipes made of polypropylene from 16 to 110 mm.
Pipes made of polypropylene significantly change their length with temperature fluctuations.
Length of 10 m pipes are flexible temperature the expansion joints.
Polypropylene pipes have a smooth surface, which prevents the formation of deposits in them, and beautiful appearance, you do not need a decorative and protective coating.
Tubes of copper made of soft wyżarzanej copper (Cu content of 99.9%).
Copper, pipe plastic, easy for cutting and bending, durable and comfortable for wearing freeze their high strength, and also allows the use of high pressure.
Tubes of copper operate reliably at temperatures from 200 ° C to 250 ° C, They resistant to oxidation and can be used in water supply systems, heating and air conditioning, as well as ensure reliability and durability. Life copper pipes up to 70 years.
To reduce heat loss and prevent condensation, copper covered with a tube made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Copper pipe can be hard, półsztywne and soft. The hardness of copper
The pipe is controlled depending on the degree of heating.
Hard, have a length of 3-5 meters. Soft, up to 50 meters, collapsed.
Copper pipes 6-105 produce mm and a wall thickness of 0.7 to 2.8 mm.
They can be in ln (size m) and feces (sizes
in fractions of an inch).
The connection of copper pipes can be removable and permanent. For one piece connection method is welding, soldering and crimping. To create soft soldering (INN) or hard (silver-copper-phosphorus) soldering. Permanent and adhesives used in pipe diameter 30 mm.
When soldering pipes to use special shaped soldering. Copper compounds wires soldered the most time consuming but also the most reliable way to unite. Method often used for welding of pipes with a diameter of 100 mm. During the crimping of copper connected between special press reinforcement (box ponds, angles 45 °, 90 °, 180 °, tee, reducing, hats). The knife needed a special tool. Screw and plug connections
copper pipes are typically used to attach various devices and devices.
Died from copper large machines for bending diameter to production. Pipe small diameter cold arch hand flexible tool. When hot bending of pipes of copper filled them with sand. If the diameter of the tilt
at least eight diameters external, soft pipe can be bent without the bending tools.
Copper pipes are Des Moines tough widely used in systems with radiators and in water supply systems, water and heating are made of soft copper pipes.
Copper pipe in the heat exchange systems that require high thermal conductivity
(gas water heaters, boilers, heat exchangers different).
Laying in the house plumbing and pipes 17
Installing plumbing in the apartment and house
The disadvantage of copper pipes is their high price. The copper pipe is not desirable
used in the pipeline at high water hardness in combination with pipes galvanized steel.
Steel pipes galvanized and uncoated (black). Cheap,
but now for the hydraulic and heating devices are seldom use.